the words of the original
Hebrew and Greek Bibles.
There are two original languages
of the Bible.
Old Testament was written in Hebrew.
New Testament in Greek.
is a brief introduction to each language:
is a Semitic language dating back in its earliest
form to 1400 B.C. It is very logical and its words
can be traced back to three letter root words.
has 22 letters and they form the skeleton of each
points or marks below the words are the vowels that
make it possible to pronounce the words. They are
like the flesh of a skeleton.
Hebrew Alphabet and the points or marks shown below:
The Hebrew Alphabet
The Hebrew grammatical points or marks
points or marks are vowels placed beneath the Hebrew
Hebrew has 10 vowels (5 short and 5 long vowels).
The long vowels have their sound extended just slightly
but it is not easily noticed.
the sounds of the Hebrew accurately is quite easy
but takes practice.
English there is only one way to pronounce Hebrew
vowels and consonants. Once one has learned to pronounce
Hebrew vowels correctly the words are easier to read.
Vowels are placed under the consonants. Two vowels
as seen below are placed after the consonant.
the Cholem (on the right with the dot on top) appears
without the vav then you will notice the dot placed
over the left-hand corner of the consonant. This can
radically change words.
Shlomo (Hebrew for Solomon)
Shalom (Which means peace)
you are reading Hebrew where there are no vowels you
will notice that the vav and the yod are still used.
Hebrew syllable is formed by a consonant and a vowel
vowel always follows the consonant.
La (pronounced lah)
Lu (pronounced loo)
Le (pronounced leh)
shva is a sign with two dots in a straight vertical
line. It is not considered a vowel, but is placed
under a consonant to indicate the absence of a vowel
for. By example:
siphri) The ph does not have a vowel.
shva sign is usually left out when occuring at the
end of a word. There are two kinds of shvas:
Vocal Shva (When it occurs at the beginning of a word
or at the beginning of a syllable followed by a closed
vowel, or after a long vowel). By example:
(e) sound is like a short seghol (barely vocalized)
Silent Shva (As it occurs in closed syllables and
at the end of words) By example:
siphri) The 'ph' is vowel-less
'l' does not have a vowel and a 'd'
would like to give credit to Rusty Russel and recommend
his teachings in Old Testament Hebrew and New Testament
Greek which have been used in this study. Additional
material is available on his website at -
To understand and read Old Testament Hebrew, one may
study or download more information on the internet
on his website:
is an inflexional language and meanings are communicated
by adding prefixes, suffixes and making internal changes
in the word stems. It dates back in its earliest form
to about 730 B.C.
are 7 diphthongs that serve as vowels between the
letters of the words, to complete the pronunciation.
- pronounced - ah'ee
- pronounced as - ei in height
- pronounced as - oi in oil
- pronounced as - we in sweet
- pronounced as - ow
- pronounced as - eu in fued
- pronounced as - ou in through
mark before a vowel, in the front of each word is
pronounced as an H and as described as rough breathing.
( example - Ô )
opposite mark is described as smooth breathing. (
example - s`)
To understand and read
New Testament Greek, one may study or download this
course on the internet:
Understanding specific Hebrew and Greek words.
be able to do this, we recommend the use of;
A Hendrickson Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible.
has the Hebrew and Greek text with the English translations.
also gives the Strongs Concordance numbers above each
Hebrew and Greek word.
A Strongs exhaustive Hebrew and Greek Concordance
and Dictionary of the Bible.
this book, words can be looked up alphabetically or
by the number taken from the Hendrickson Interlinear
reading the meaning of the word, additional reference numbers
may appear, that could give more depth to the meaning.
Material available on the internet include:
Hebrew and Greek Bible.
and Greek Concordance and Dictionary
- Several other helpful
Available on the following
other Bible Dictionaries will help to understand the
historical, social, geographical and circumstantial
backgrounds of a Scripture. This will help to interpret